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tv   American History TV  CSPAN  October 5, 2014 2:18pm-2:25pm EDT

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the boulder bank. together with our comcast able partners, our city tour staff recently visited many sites exploring the rich history. learn more all weekend here on "american history tv. i'll >> there were two guys from colorado springs. their names were dave zamora and dave mccord. they had gone and asked for a marriage license. she said no, but go to boulder, they do those kinds of things there. that is how they came to me. >> going on in the early 1970's, lgbt in this country was in a very different place. it will look around now and have
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gay friends and that sort of thing will find it hard to believe that that owing, many states in the country, gay states will -- gay sex was still illegal. the american psychiatric association still viewed homosexuality as a disease. there were very, very few, if any, mainstream churches or synagogues that would have countenance the idea of having -- of having openly gay members. along with the rest of the country, boulder was undergoing a lot of changes. there were tensions amongst the different factions within the town. before that time it had been a fairly sleepy college town in the rocky mountains west. there was a certain status quo that was fairly comfortable for a lot of people here. i think that one of the things that happened was older experienced the kind of influx that many towns experienced at the time -- while we were not necessarily the hub of all the
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changes, we were quickly responding to those changes and in some cases assimilating them. you had tensions between people who wanted growth, people that did not want growth, and the tensions coming out of the social movements that happened in the late 1960's and early 1970's. tensions around the role of women. around what we were going to do lgbt issues here. certainly, tensions around race as well. in 1969, the stonewall rebellion new york city. often referred to as the formal beginning of the lgbt rights movement and the united dates. by the next year, as an official campus group boulder had the gay liberation. that was pretty early in the course of the aftermath of
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to have that group. it was a student group, but it was also very much a group that included people in the community. they started doing various things like showing films, having workshops occasionally, that kind of thing. perhaps the most frequent thing that they did was hold dances on a monthly basis and a farm outside boulder. dances, big like -- deal, but socially it was an incredibly big deal, this was the first time that there were social activities for lgbt sponsored byere lgbt people and they were done the way they wanted to do them. but i don't think that people might knew that the organizing was happening. few articles in the newspaper, but i don't think people had any idea how many people were involved or the tenor of what people were
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saying. i think the first time the community took notice in a big way was when the sitting boulder council -- the boulder city council looked at a human rights ordinance. the ordinance they looked at was broad-based and it included all the usual suspects. race, ethnicity, gender, marital status, the usual kinds of categories. the ones included in nondiscrimination ordinances. this whole human rights ordinance was a totally new thing for boulder. it had not existed before. the two people that were the prime movers of that on the council were the mayor at the time and tim fuller, i council member. take an fuller included in their human rights ordinance, sexual orientation. of surprise the heck out people. they were getting used to the idea that maybe we needed a
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municipal ordinance around race and ethnicity, gender, things like that, but they were not at all sure that they wanted to include sexual orientation. this was not the first time that that had been proposed at a municipal level. it had happened around the country, but not in a huge number of cities. and it certainly hadn't been anything on the radar screen of people. that was the point at which people started -- i can't say exactly take it seriously, the idea of sexual orientation as a part of the body politic, but certainly taken seriously the idea that someone else thought it should be included. council, towards the end of 1973, voted on the human rights ordinance, including the sexual preference provision. they voted on it and it passed. at this .1 of the things that
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happened was people tended to take your ambivalence about the , theance in general ambivalence about whether they would have any of these antidiscrimination protections, they separated it out and said -- ok, we will take the other ones, but we've got to get rid of the sexual preference thing, that doesn't belong there. so, there was an organized effort by a lot of people in about the complain sexual preference part of the human rights ordinance. so, then there was an effort to start a referendum to get it on the ballot, to have the citizens right in and decide if they wanted to have this sexual orientation part of the human rights ordinance. there was a vote, may of 1974. the voters of boulder


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